This are the topics that the timber scientific community will present in the World Conference on Timber Engineering 2020 – Santiago, Chile
Housing deficit, urban life quality and sustainability are some of the investigation topics that will be exposed in the WCTE 2020
Thanks to the management of the Center of Wood Innovation UC CORMA, as well as some key actors in both the private and public sector, the World Conference on Timber Engineering 2020 will be realized in Latin America for the first time.
According to ONU, it will be impossible to defeat the housing deficit crisis if we relay only in the materials such as concrete, as they do not possess the needed sustainability and productivity. Therefore, the renewable resource that the world has in such a large scale to fulfill this challenge is the wood, because of the capacity of the woods to capture CO2 during their growth.
For Francisco Lozano, president of the directory of Center of Wood Innovation UC and president of “Madera 21”, the performance of Chile associated with wood construction is worrying, especially when compared with the international context: meanwhile Chile has only managed to rise to a eighteen percent of timber construction, countries like United States, Canada, Finland, Norway and Sweden have reach a seventy-five percent; eighteen floor timber buildings have already been made in Europe, and even a new generation of twenty-five floor timber buildings is currently in projection; Chile only has managed to build up to three. “Is a really incredible paradox, because Chile is both a forestry and a seismic country”, he added.
This concern is the one that yesterday gather people from both the public and private sector, and the academic world to celebrate the official launching of the World Conference on Timber Engineering 2020 (WCTE), in the hall of the Centro de Innovación Anacleto Angelini, inside the San Joaquin Campus of the Catholic University of Chile.
Guillermo Marshall, representative of the university, explained that the panorama for the WCTE 2020 is both a professional and academic discussion. It is hope that the participants that send their papers deliver strategies to promote the use of timber in construction, advances on regulation, and the development of a sustainable forestry industry. “We believe that the role that the university plays in innovation is essential. The largest percent of the investigation is perform in the universities. It is then key to gather the people and entities that generate knowledge with the private and public sector. This equation delivers positive results”.
The WCTE 2020 will have place in Casa Central of the Universidad Católica de Chile, from 24 to 27 august. The papers will be receive through the website platform of the conference until 31 October of the current year. WCTE Executive Secretary, Sebastián Cárcamo, has high expectation about the call. “In Viena”-2016 version of the conference-“the amount of papers received was 1200. In this version, we hope to gather as many as possible”.
This conference seeks to promote both the scientific and the technological knowledge, and the innovation in the use of timber in the disciplines of construction, engineering and architecture. The topics for the conference are detailed here.
As Mr. Cárcamo explains, investigations may contain study cases that shows the experience in sustainable forestry and public politics, whether it be in Chile or in other countries that are participating. “Because of the great seismic history of Chile, we believe that this subject will be address a lot in the papers, but also hope that other topics are as well presented, like constructive solutions or timber labeling, among many others”, he added.
Director of the Center on Timber Innovation CIM UC CORMA, Juan José Ugarte, highlighted the fact that for the first time an event of this kind will be realized in a developing country. He also mentioned the three main subjects on this version will be housing deficit, urban life quality and sustainability. As the other authorities, Mr. Ugarte believes in the importance of the alliance between academics and the private and public world and says “It is not easy to achieve this kind how cohesion”.
He also proposed to “label the timber”, as it is now done with food, so “the final consumer can understand what material is using”, and incorporate new professional skills in the formation of architects and engineers, like the process and constructive challenges working with timber.
The WCTE occurs since 1998 every two years in different parts of the world. 2018 edition was realized in Seul, South Korea, and 2016 in Vienna, Austria.
This conference is possible thanks to the support of representatives of various sectors, such as CIM UC CORMA, international universities like Sao Paulo, British Columbia, Laval and Washington State, and national universities Bio Bio, Concepción and Austral de Chile; from the industry sector, Arauco, CMPC, LP, Pizarreño and Lonza Quimetal; and from the public world, Ministry of Housing and Urbanism MINVU, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and CORFO. The organization of this event has high expectations regarding the new knowledge that may help Chile become a worldwide referent concerning this matters.
The Timber Agenda developed by the MINVU and CIM UC CORMA
Minister of the MINVU Cristián Monckeberg who attended to the launch of this event, expressed the knowledge about the his speech, he about the . He also valued in a very positive way the work promoted by academics and representatives of the field. He mentioned that timber did not form or is not part of the first priority of the Minvu agenda, but reiterated its commitment to researching this material.
He also highlighted the benefits of using timber such as resistance to termites, fire and earthquakes, and that it is thermal insulation. Finally, he took the time to make a call for construction companies to consider this material and to set technical specifications and new regulations. “The use of timber in construction is full of myths like that you can hear everything from one room to another, and the always present association with precariousness and extremely low cost houses”, he concluded.
Part of this impulse has been reflected in the Maule and O’Higgins regions where is a high concentration of forestry industries, and new projects are starting to be created throw the housing and urbanization service SERVIUS.
CIM UC CORMA is behind the proposal and design of two iconic timber projects: Torre Peñuela, a six floor tower located in the Valparaiso region, and Condominio Ecosustentable Oasis, a 260 house condo located in Chañaral, 3erd region, that is part of the plan to reconstruct the city after the alluvium of 2015.
Also, during the ceremony was announced that the CIM has postulated to a public contest to develop a social integration project in the city of Rancagua, near Santiago. According Javiera de la Barra, chief of projects of the institution, the condo will count with 110 apartments distribute in five or six floor buildings. If they win the funds, the project will be located in the new access, in the way of Machali, near stores, squares, schools and health buildings. The main material use for the construction will be sawn timber of radiate pine, with high quality certification. This dwellings will help to capture 700 ton of C02, and it is hope that will be finished by the end of august 2020. “There is a constant fight to promote the use of timber, to break stigmas and to teach how to build with this material”, added De la Barra.
As well, sub Director of CIM UC CORMA Felipe Victorero pointed out that there will be different department prices depending on the size and how many rooms each one has. “The prices will be as competitive as any other real estate project, which means there will be no extra cost for the building”.
Photographs by WCTE
Tags: Centro de Innovación en Madera UC, timber buildings, WCTE 2020.
WCTE lleva años desarrollándose en las grandes ciudades del mundo presentando a la madera como el material de construcción del futuro.
En Viena en el año 2016 se postuló al país para ser sede en los próximos años, y en Corea del Sur en el 2018 nombraron a Chile como antesala de la WCTE2020.
El año pasado Chile se destacó presentando sus avances tecnológicos, el desarrollo del bosque e innovaciones de la industria maderera.
El Centro UC-Corma de Innovación en Madera fue uno de los principales participantes, que además hoy tiene la misión de desarrollar este magno evento en Santiago de Chile el año 2020 en conjunto a Madera 21 y las Universidades del Biobío, Concepción y Austral de Chile.
Entre los principales objetivos que se busca educar a las nuevas generaciones sobre la innovación en madera, incluyendo la construcción en mediana altura como con el proyecto de investigación Torre Experimental Peñuelas; eficiencia energética comprobada en las viviendas sociales del barrio eco sustentable “Oasis de Chañaral”; incorporación de una nueva norma sísmica para edificación en altura, tópicos que destacan también son los relacionados al medioambiente, y que serán abordados en las más de 20 ponencias que expondrán.
Todos estos temas son parte de la agenda política y forestal que el país ha llevado en los últimos años impulsado por los esfuerzos públicos del Ministerio de Vivienda y Urbanismo y la Corporación de Fomento de la Producción (Corfo); y también los privados liderado por la Corporación Chilena de la Madera (Corma).
Recordemos que Chile concentra una de las principales industrias forestales del planeta y solamente tiene un 30% de sus viviendas fabricadas con madera, situación que busca revertir con la implementación de las nuevas tecnologías y la especialización de nuevas generaciones en esta materia.
Por lo tanto, de miras al futuro, el Congreso Mundial de la Madera 2020 proveerá un foro tecnológico dedicado al diseño y la ingeniería, además de tener la misión de promover nuevas soluciones para la comunidad.
Los tópicos que se expondrán se relacionan al desempeño del edificio y al impacto en el medio ambiente: el bosque sostenible para la producción de madera; la ingeniería, implementación y gestión política; educación y tendencias futuras; el producto de la madera y sus conexiones.
Es importante destacar que realizar la Conferencia en América Latina tendrá un impacto local y global de aceptación del material madera, y para que ésta visión siga en curso se debe fortalecer la dinámica de colaboración entre la industria, la academia y el gobierno.